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Archive | Neuroscience

Neuroscience topics emphasize the human nervous system, particularly the central nervous system, biological and genetic factors in neuronal health, and brain imaging techniques, such as QEEG and fMRI. Many articles focus on how these factors impact human thought, emotion, and behavior.

brain neural activity

Researchers Uncover Two Brain Signals Involved In How Humans Predict Other Peoples’ Decisions

Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute (BSI) in Japan have uncovered two brain signals in the human prefrontal cortex involved in how humans predict the decisions of other people. Their results suggest that the two signals, each located in distinct prefrontal circuits, strike a balance between expected and observed rewards and choices, which enables […]

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MRI of the brain

Brain Structure Helps Guide Behavior By Anticipating Changing Demands

Every day the human brain is presented with tasks ranging from the trivial to the complex. How much mental effort and attention are devoted to each task is usually determined in a split second and without conscious awareness. Now a study from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) researchers finds that a structure deep within the brain, […]

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MRI of the brain

FMRI Images Show How The Brain Looks When Out Of Patience And Losing Self-Control

New pictures from the University of Iowa show what it looks like when a person runs out of patience and loses self-control. A study by University of Iowa neuroscientist and neuro-marketing expert William Hedgcock confirms previous studies that show self-control is a finite commodity that is depleted by use. Once the pool has dried up, […]

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soccer shoes

High Brain Integration Underlies Winning Performances Of World Class Athletes And Other Top Level Abilities

Scientists trying to understand why some people excel — whether as world-class athletes, virtuoso musicians, or top CEOs — have discovered that these outstanding performers have unique brain characteristics that make them different from other people. A study published in May in the journal Cognitive Processing found that 20 top-level managers scored higher on three […]

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Researcher Roland Zahn

More Evidence That Freud Was Right: Brain Scans Show Guilt Plays Key Role In Depression

Scientists have shown that the brains of people with depression respond differently to feelings of guilt – even after their symptoms have subsided. University of Manchester researchers found that the brain scans of people with a history of depression differed in the regions associated with guilt and knowledge of socially acceptable behaviour from individuals who […]

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an anxious man

FMRI Brain Scans Show That Sleep Deprivation Can Lead To Higher Anticipatory Anxiety

New research shows that sleep loss markedly exaggerates the degree to which we anticipate impending emotional events, particularly among highly anxious people, who are especially vulnerable. Two common features of anxiety disorders are sleep loss and an amplification of emotional response. Results from the new study suggest that these features may not be independent of […]

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Researchers Yi-Yuan Tang and Michael Posner

Integrative Body-Mind Training Prompts Positive Changes In Brain White Matter

Scientists studying the Chinese mindfulness meditation known as integrative body-mind training (IBMT) say they have confirmed and expanded their findings on changes in structural efficiency of white matter in the brain that can be related to positive behavioral changes in subjects practicing the technique regularly for a month.

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