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New Computer Chip Models The Brain By Mimicking How Neurons Communicate

For decades, scientists have dreamed of building computer systems that could replicate the human brain’s talent for learning new tasks. MIT researchers have now taken a major step toward that goal by designing a computer chip that mimics how the brain’s neurons adapt in response to new information. This phenomenon, known as plasticity, is believed […]

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Paul Worley, M.D.

Researchers Create New Mouse Model Of Autism

In an effort to unravel the tangled biology of autism, Johns Hopkins scientists have created a mouse model that mimics a human mutation of a gene known to be associated with autism spectrum disorders. Experiments with the engineered mouse reveal a molecular mechanism by which mutations of the gene named Shank3 affect the brain and […]

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illustration of cholinergic synapses

25-Year Cellular Mystery Solved That Might Benefit People With Learning And Intellectual Deficits

A University of Wisconsin-Madison research team has solved a 25-year mystery that may lead to better treatments for people with learning deficits and mental retardation. Synaptophysin is the first protein and most abundant ever found on the membranes surrounding the tiny sacs that carry chemical messengers to synapses, the gaps where communication between nerve cells […]

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graph of study results

Neuroscientists Decode Crucial Component In Brain Signal Processing

A team of Neuroscientists from NeuroCure Cluster of Excellence at Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin and Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, have made a major breakthrough in understanding how signals are processed in the human brain. The paper, published in the current issue of the scientific journal Neuron, shows that a certain type of […]

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neuronal synapse

Gene Variants In Autism Linked To Brain Development

New research on the genomics of autism confirms that the genetic roots of the disorder are highly complicated, but that common biological themes underlie this complexity. In the current study, researchers have implicated several new candidate genes and genomic variants as contributors to autism, and conclude that many more remain to be discovered. While the […]

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