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brain lobes

The Cerebellum Plays Important Role In Higher-Level Cognitive Abilities, Including General Human Intelligence

Research suggests that intelligence in humans is controlled by the part of the brain known as the cortex, and most theories of age-related cognitive decline focus on cortical dysfunction. However, a new study of Scottish older adults reported in the April 2011 issue of Elsevier’s Cortex suggests that grey matter volume in the ‘cerebellum’ at […]

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Physician

Intelligence And Personality May Predict Illness And Death

Do smarter people live longer and better lives? Are certain personality types more prone to premature death than are others? As our population continues to age in dramatic numbers, these questions become increasingly relevant. A new report in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, provides an overview […]

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Figure 1 shows results of FMRI during the game Shogi

The Neural Origins Of Expert Intuition

What makes experts different from the rest of us? Over the past century, this question has prompted a range of studies on various aspects of human cognition that reveals clues about the psychological and neurological origins of intelligence, perception, and memory. While board games such has chess have provided the most productive setting for such […]

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Researcher Elliot M. Tucker-Drob, Ph.D.

Poverty Can Suppress The Genetic Potential Of Children

Growing up poor can suppress a child’s genetic potential to excel cognitively even before the age of 2, according to research from psychologists at The University of Texas at Austin. The study, published in the journal Psychological Science, was co-authored by K. Paige Harden of The University of Texas at Austin, Mijke Rhemtulla of The […]

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Genes

Spontaneous Mutations Are Important Cause Of Mental Retardation

Dutch geneticists affiliated with the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre present as a novel research paradigm that spontaneous mutations are an important cause of mental retardation. The majority of mental retardation is caused by spontaneous mutations in paternal sperm or maternal egg cells. With this conclusion, the Dutch geneticists not only resolve an important paradox, […]

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a brain with electricity shooting off

Estrogen Boosts Mental Performance

Estrogen is an elixir for the brain that sharpens mental performance in humans and animals and shows promise as a treatment for disorders of the brain, such as Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia. But long-term estrogen therapy, once prescribed routinely for menopausal women, now is quite controversial because of research showing it increases the risk of […]

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