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Tag Archives | Brain Grey Matter

MRI brain scan with a senior citizen women

Schizophrenia Diagnosis (But Not Bipolar Diagnosis) Associated With Progressive Brain Changes Among Adolescents

Adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia and other psychoses appear to show greater decreases in gray matter volume and increases in cerebrospinal fluid in the frontal lobe compared to healthy adolescents without a diagnosis of psychosis, according to a report in the January issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The research was carried […]

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neuronal connections

Childhood Maltreatment Associated With Cerebral Gray Matter Reductions In Adolescents

od maltreatment is associated with reductions in cerebral gray matter volume, and even if adolescents reporting exposure to maltreatment do not have symptoms that meet full criteria for psychiatric disorders, they may have cerebral gray matter changes that place them at risk for behavioral difficulties, according to a report in the December issue of Archives […]

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mindfulness mediation

Meditation May Be A Powerful Mental Exercise That Produces Positive Age-Related Change In The Brain

Two years ago, researchers at UCLA found that specific regions in the brains of long-term meditators were larger and had more gray matter than the brains of individuals in a control group. This suggested that meditation may indeed be good for all of us since, alas, our brains shrink naturally with age. Now, a follow-up […]

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Researcher Tim McQueeny

Brain Scans Reveal Possible Brain Damage In Young Adult Binge-Drinkers

It is considered a rite of passage among young people – acting out their independence through heavy, episodic drinking. But a new University of Cincinnati study, the first of its kind nationally, is showing how binge drinking among adolescents and young adults could be causing serious damage to a brain that’s still under development at […]

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Researcher Karen Ersche

Abnormal Brain Structure Linked To Chronic Cocaine Abuse

Researchers at the University of Cambridge have identified abnormal brain structures in the frontal lobe of cocaine users’ brains which are linked to their compulsive cocaine-using behavior. The research was led by Dr. Ersche of the Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute (BCNI) at the University of Cambridge. Their findings were published today, 21 June, in […]

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Limic system of the brain

Brain Scans Appear To Show Changes Associated With Violent Behavior And Substance Abuse

A brain imaging study suggests that men with a history of violent behavior may have greater gray matter volume in certain brain areas, whereas men with a history of substance use disorders may have reduced gray matter volume in other brain areas, according to a report published online today by the Archives of General Psychiatry, […]

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neuronal connections

Brain Development Goes Awry As Vulnerable Individuals Develop Schizophrenia

Two new research studies published in Biological Psychiatry point to progressive abnormalities in brain development that emerge as vulnerable individuals develop schizophrenia. One of the studies details the deletion of a small section of chromosome 22, while the other used brain imaging to track brain development in at-risk (for schizophrenia) adolescents over a 10 year […]

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MRI of the brain

Autism-Related Early Brain Overgrowth Confirmed But Found To Slow By Age 2

Scientists using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) observed that the brains of children with autism spectrum disorder are larger than those without autism, but this difference appears related to increased rates of brain growth before 2 years of age, according to a report in the May issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives […]

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