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Tag Archives | Cocaine

Devin Mueller

Potential First-Ever Pharmacological Treatment For Cocaine Addiction Discovered – May Compliment Behavioral Exposure Therapies

New discoveries by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) offer potential for development of a first-ever pharmacological treatment for cocaine addiction. A common beta blocker, propranolol, currently used to treat people with hypertension and anxiety, has shown to be effective in preventing the brain from retrieving memories associated with cocaine use in animal-addiction models, […]

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Alcohol and Cigar

New National Report Shows Differences In Types And Levels Of Substance Use And Mental Illness Problems

A new report providing state-by-state analyses of a wide range of behavioral health issues reveals that despite some wide variations among the states in the types and levels of problems they confront – every state must deal with these issues.  For example, among those aged 12 and older, Iowa had less than half the current […]

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Researcher Jennifer Johnson, PhD

Current Depression (But Not Past) Predicts Crack Cocaine Use

Women who are clinically depressed at the time they enter drug court have a substantially higher risk of using crack cocaine within four months, according to a new study. Because current but not past depression was associated with a higher risk of use, the study published in the journal Addiction suggests that addressing depression could […]

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Researcher Karen Ersche

Abnormal Brain Structure Linked To Chronic Cocaine Abuse

Researchers at the University of Cambridge have identified abnormal brain structures in the frontal lobe of cocaine users’ brains which are linked to their compulsive cocaine-using behavior. The research was led by Dr. Ersche of the Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute (BCNI) at the University of Cambridge. Their findings were published today, 21 June, in […]

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Researcher Nelly Alia-Klein

Genetic Makeup And Duration Of Substance Abuse Reduce Brain Neurons In Drug Addiction

A study conducted at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory demonstrated that drug addicted individuals who have a certain genetic makeup have decreased gray matter density – and therefore fewer neurons – in areas of the brain that are essential for decision-making, self-control, and learning and memory. The research, conducted by scientists […]

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pre- post-FMRI of cocaine abuser

Ritalin Improves Brain Function And Task Performance In Cocaine Abusers

A brain-scanning study at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, conducted with collaborators from Stony Brook University, reveals that an oral dose of methylphenidate, commonly known as Ritalin, improves impaired brain function and enhances cognitive performance in people who are addicted to cocaine. The study suggests that methylphenidate, combined with cognitive interventions, […]

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Researcher H. Harrington Cleveland

Ignoring Stress Leads To More Cravings In Recovering Addicts

Recovering addicts who avoid coping with stress succumb easily to substance use cravings, making them more likely to relapse during recovery, according to behavioral researchers. “Cravings are a strong predictor of relapse,” said H. Harrington Cleveland, associate professor of human development, Penn State. “The goal of this study is to predict the variation in substance […]

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