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Smoking Cessation Interventions Appear To Be Effective For Some Current Smokers

Nicotine replacement therapy and smoking cessation intervention programs are associated with positive outcomes among current smokers, according to two studies in the November 28 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. “Despite advances in clinical care and policy, rates of smoking cessation have held constant in the past decade, indicating a need for novel approaches,” the authors write as background information in one of the articles.

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Andrew Littlefield

Quitting Smoking Enhances Positive Personality Changes

University of Missouri researchers have found evidence that shows those who quit smoking show improvements in their overall personality. “The data indicate that for some young adults smoking is impulsive,” said Andrew Littlefield, a doctoral student in the Department of Psychology in the College of Arts and Science. “That means that 18-year-olds are acting without a lot of forethought and favor immediate rewards over long term negative consequences. They might say, ‘I know smoking is bad for me, but I’m going to do it anyway.’

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an astray full of nasty cigarettes

Menthol Cigarettes May Make It Tougher To Quit Smoking For Certain Populations

Could a mint-flavored additive to cigarettes have a negative impact on smoking cessation efforts? New research from investigators at The Cancer Institute of New Jersey (CINJ) and UMDNJ-School of Public Health shines a light on this topic. It finds that menthol cigarettes are associated with decreased quitting in the United States, and that this effect is more pronounced for blacks and Puerto Ricans.

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cigarettes stacked on each other

Withdrawal From Heavy Cigarette Smoking Associated With Changes In Brain Regions Related To Mood Regulation

Findings from a brain imaging study may provide clues for why some individuals with heavy cigarette-smoking habits experience depressed mood upon withdrawal from smoking, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The research was conducted by Ingrid Bacher, Ph.D., and colleagues from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, and the University of Toronto.

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Alcohol and Cigar

New National Report Shows Differences In Types And Levels Of Substance Use And Mental Illness Problems

A new report providing state-by-state analyses of a wide range of behavioral health issues reveals that despite some wide variations among the states in the types and levels of problems they confront – every state must deal with these issues.  For example, among those aged 12 and older, Iowa had less than half the current illicit drug use rate of Alaska (5.3-percent versus 13.5-percent) – yet Iowa also was among the top 10 states with the highest levels of people age 12 and older currently participating in binge drinking (28.6-percent). Included in this report is a link to download the full national report.

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an astray full of nasty cigarettes

Teenagers Exposed To Secondhand Smoke Have Increased Risk Of Hearing Loss

NYU School of Medicine researchers report in a new study that exposure to tobacco smoke nearly doubles the risk of hearing loss among adolescents. The study is published in the July, 2011, issue of Archives of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery. Check the end of this report for a link to download the cited reference for this study: The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General.

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