Over the past decade, prominent federal substance abuse agencies have put a great deal of effort toward ensuring that evidence-based practice (EBP) is being utilized in the treatment of addiction. This effort was galvanized by a 1998 report from the Institute of Medicine calling for improvements in healthcare, which included the implementation of practices proven effective through scientific research (EBPs). However, the majority of frontline agencies that treat people suffering from addiction — community based organizations — have been slow to implement EBPs in their work. Why are frontline workers in the field of addiction treatment hesitant to implement EBPs?
Tag Archives | Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
New scientific evidence challenges a popular conception that behaviors such as repetitive hand-washing, characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), are carried out in response to disturbing obsessive fears. The study found that in the case of OCD the behaviors themselves (the compulsions) might be the precursors to the disorder, and that obsessions may simply be the brain’s way of justifying these behaviors. The original study is available for free for an unknown length of time; check the end of this report for a download link.
The mechanisms underlying improvement in hypochondriasis are examined in a study published in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown previously to be beneficial in the treatment of hypochondriasis. In the current study, the investigators sought to determine whether there was a differential treatment effect for patients with greater levels of anxiety at the outset of treatment.
In the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, a randomized controlled trial indicates that group therapy may affect the course of bipolar disorder. This study evaluated the effectiveness of adjunctive cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) to prevent recurrence of episodes in 50 euthymic patients with bipolar disorder, types I and II. Patients were followed up for at least 12 months in an outpatient service.
In the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, a group of Italian investigators headed by Giovanni Fava (University of Bologna) published a randomized controlled trial on psychotherapeutic treatment of cyclothymic disorder. Cyclothymic Disorder a disturbance that is characterized by rapid alternation of mood swings. It is similar to bipolar disorder, but considered to be less severe.
Thinking happy thoughts, focusing on the good and downplaying the bad is believed to accelerate recovery from depression, bolster resilience during a crisis, and improve overall mental health. But a new study by University of Washington psychologists reveals that pursuing happiness may not be beneficial across all cultures. In a survey of college students, Asian respondents showed no relationship between positive emotions and levels of stress and depression. For European-American participants, however, the more stress and depression they felt, the fewer positive emotions they reported.
Frequently, depression and diabetes go hand in hand. And depression can be a major obstacle for people living with diabetes, making it less likely they’ll stick to a medicine schedule or exercise regimen. A team of researchers led by investigators at the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System and the University of Michigan Health System worked to improve diabetes patients’ health by first addressing their depression. The study evaluated a year-long program that began with behavioral therapy sessions over the telephone with a specially trained nurse and later phased in a walking program.
A study published in Psychological Assessment journal finds that the future mood swings of people with bipolar disorder can be predicted by their current thoughts and behavior. Psychologists from the Universities of Manchester and Lancaster say their findings are important because they mean talking therapies, like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), could prove effective treatments for the condition.