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pregnant women

One Third Of Women Exhibit Some Symptoms Of PTSD After Child-Birth

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) develops in individuals who experience highly traumatizing situations, such as terrorist attacks and car accidents, but symptoms can also come about after normal life events — including childbirth. A Tel Aviv University researcher has found that approximately one third of all post-partum women exhibit some symptoms of PTSD, and a smaller percentage develop full-blown PTSD following the ordeal of labor.

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Infant

Post-Partum Psychiatric Episodes Associated With Increased Risk Of Developing Bipolar Affective Disorder

Experiencing a psychiatric episode within the first 30 days post-partum appears to be associated with an increased risk of developing bipolar affective disorder, according to a report published Online First by Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The study was carried out by Trine Munk-Olsen, Ph.D., of the National Centre for Register-Based Research, Arhus University, Arhus, Denmark, and colleagues.

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Jennifer Pinto-Martin, MPH, PhD

Low Birthweight Infants Have Five Times Rate Of Autism

Autism researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing have found a link between low birthweight and children diagnosed with autism, reporting premature infants are five times more likely to have autism than children born at normal weights. The children, some born as small as about a pound, were followed for 21 years making this study, published in the prestigious journal Pediatrics, one of the most remarkable of its kind.

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a pregnant women

Higher Quality Diet Associated With Reduced Risk Of Some Birth Defects

Healthier dietary choices by pregnant women are associated with reduced risks of birth defects, including neural tube defects and orofacial clefts, according to a study published Online First by the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The investigation was carried out by Suzan L. Carmichael, Ph.D., from Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., and colleagues.

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an infant being held by his parent

Overall Rate Of Chronic Health Problems For Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Children Does Not Appear To Increase In Adolescence

In a follow-up of extremely low-birth-weight children, the rates of chronic health conditions overall, and asthma specifically, did not change between the ages of 8 and 14 years, although the rate of obesity did increase, according to a study in the July 27 issue of JAMA. The research was carried out by Maureen Hack, M.B., Ch.B., of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, and colleagues.

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pregnant women

Prenatal Use Of Newer Antiepileptic Drugs Not Associated With Increased Risk Of Major Birth Defects

Use of newer-generation antiepileptic drugs, which are also prescribed for bipolar mood disorders and migraine headaches, during the first trimester of pregnancy was not associated with an increased risk of major birth defects in the first year of life among infants in Denmark, according to a study in the May 18 issue of JAMA. Older-generation antiepileptic drugs are associated with an increased risk of birth defects.

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