Autism was described as early as 1940, but a marked increase in the prevalence for the broader class of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) during the past decade highlights the demand for treatment of affected individuals. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that the prevalence of ASD was one in 110 children in 2006 and increased at an average annual rate of 57% between 2002 and 2006. The rising prevalence has heightened concern about the financial impact of treating ASDs in the private and public health care systems.
Tag Archives | Autism
Magicians rely on misdirection – drawing attention to one place while they’re carrying out their tricky business somewhere else. It seems like people with autism should be less susceptible to such social manipulation. But a new study in the U.K. finds that people with autism spectrum disorder are actually more likely to be taken in by the vanishing ball trick, where a magician pretends to throw a ball in the air but actually hides it in his hand. Included in this report is a video with the lead researcher that explains these findings as well as provides a demonstration of the magic trick. Additionally, the original study can be read from within the video.
Dogs may not only be man’s best friend, they may also have a special role in the lives of children with special needs. According to a new Université de Montreal study, specifically trained service dogs can help reduce the anxiety and enhance the socialization skills of children with Autism Syndrome Disorders (ASDs). The findings published this year in Psychoneuroendocrinology may be a relatively simple solution to help affected children and their families cope with these challenging disorders.
The New York Times recently featured a balanced overview of neurofeedback, also known as “EEG-biofeedback,” with emphasis on treatment of pediatric disorders. A fairly accurate description of the treatment process is provided, including cost, time, and what to expect at a typical session, although one wonders where they came with the notion the neurofeedback involves a “viscous goop that takes days to wash out of your hair.” The article also calls attention to current debates in the field of neurofeedback.
Memory for action is enhanced if individuals are allowed to perform the corresponding movements compared to when they simply listen to them (enactment effect). Previous studies have shown that individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders have difficulties with processes involving the self, such as autobiographical memories and self performed actions. The present study aimed to assess memory for action in Asperger Syndrome (AS). Check the end of this report to download this open access article.
University of Utah (U of U) medical researchers have made an important step in diagnosing autism through using MRI, an advance that eventually could help health care providers indentify the problem much earlier in children and lead to improved treatment and outcomes for those with the disorder. The study is published in October 15, 2010 edition of Cerebral Cortex online.
Children with autism will tell white lies to protect other people’s feelings and they are not very good at covering up their lies, according to a Queen’s University study. The study, conducted by psychology professor Beth Kelley and developmental psychology PhD student Annie Li, is one of the first scientific studies of lying and autism.
When girls with symptoms of autism or ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) seek professional medical help, their problems are often played down or misinterpreted, and there is a real risk that they will not get the help or support they need. As such, more training is needed in this area, particularly in the public sector, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg. Check the end of this report for a link to download the original thesis.