A study published in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics evaluates the effectiveness of systems training for emotional control in “real world” patients with borderline personality disorder using STEPPS. Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS) is a group treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD). The results were published in the Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.
Over the past decade, prominent federal substance abuse agencies have put a great deal of effort toward ensuring that evidence-based practice (EBP) is being utilized in the treatment of addiction. This effort was galvanized by a 1998 report from the Institute of Medicine calling for improvements in healthcare, which included the implementation of practices proven effective through scientific research (EBPs). However, the majority of frontline agencies that treat people suffering from addiction — community based organizations — have been slow to implement EBPs in their work. Why are frontline workers in the field of addiction treatment hesitant to implement EBPs?
University of Granada researchers have shown that music therapy combined with other relax techniques based on guided imagery reduces significantly pain, depression, and anxiety, and improves sleep among patients suffering from fibromyalgia. Thus, this therapy enhances patients’ quality of life. This pioneer experimental study in Europe has shown that these two techniques enhance the well-being and personal power of patients with fibromyalgia who took part in their treatment.
In a study published in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics the effects of psychotherapy on cortisol, the most important stress hormone, are examined. Psychotherapy added to pharmacotherapy results in greater improvement in clinical outcomes than does pharmacotherapy alone. However, few studies examined how psychotherapy coupled with pharmacotherapy could produce a long-term protective effect by improving the psychobiological stress response.
The mechanisms underlying improvement in hypochondriasis are examined in a study published in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown previously to be beneficial in the treatment of hypochondriasis. In the current study, the investigators sought to determine whether there was a differential treatment effect for patients with greater levels of anxiety at the outset of treatment.
In the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, a randomized controlled trial indicates that group therapy may affect the course of bipolar disorder. This study evaluated the effectiveness of adjunctive cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) to prevent recurrence of episodes in 50 euthymic patients with bipolar disorder, types I and II. Patients were followed up for at least 12 months in an outpatient service.
In this week’s PLoS Medicine, Riitta Luoto and colleagues from the UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, and University of Tampere, Finland, evaluate whether lifestyle interventions can reduce the risk of high birthweight babies and gestational diabetes amongst pregnant women at high risk for these outcomes. The original journal article is published in the open access journal, Public Library of Science; check the end of this report for a download link.
For those soldiers worried about the stigma associated with seeing a therapist, virtual reality applications for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be the alternative to the traditional “talk therapy.” A new paper by Albert Rizzo from the University of Southern California, Institute for Creative Technologies, Los Angeles, and his team, reviews how virtual reality applications are being designed and implemented across various points in the military deployment cycle, to prevent, identify and treat combat-related PTSD.