Severe mental illness is more common among college students than it was a decade ago, with more young people arriving on campus with pre-existing conditions and a willingness to seek help for emotional distress, according to a study presented at the 118th annual convention of the American Psychological Association. The data support what college mental health professionals have noted for some time.
Psychology covers a broad spectrum of psychological disciplines that include social, behavioral, interpersonal, mental health, personality, and assessment. There is special emphasis on scientific research into human emotional and behavior and how this information can be used to live more productive and happy lives. In addition, the interrelated nature of physical and mental health receives much attention.
A new study focused on anxiety and brain activity pinpoints the brain regions that are relevant to developing childhood anxiety. Specifically, Kalin and colleagues demonstrated that increased brain activity in the amygdala and anterior hippocampus could predict anxious temperament in young primates. The findings, published in the August 12th edition of the journal Nature, may lead to new strategies for early detection and treatment of at-risk children. Check the end of this report for a link to a video interview with the lead researcher.
Anger is a negative emotion. But, like being happy or excited, feeling angry makes people want to seek rewards, according to a new study of emotion and visual attention. The researchers found that people who are angry pay more attention to rewards than to threats – the opposite of people feeling other negative emotions like fear. The research is published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Computerized brain fitness programs are known to help seniors improve their memory and focus. Now, a study led by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University has found preliminary evidence that such programs may help frail seniors walk faster, potentially preventing disability and improving quality of life. Results appear in the July 19 online edition of the Journal of Gerontology.
New research published in the August edition of the American Psychological Association’s Journal of Abnormal Psychology, is providing a better picture of the roles played by gender, personality, and mental illness in domestic violence. “Intimate partner violence is a major public health concern,” says the study’s lead author Zach Walsh, assistant professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia’s (UBC) Okanagan campus.
Youth exposure to alcohol advertising in magazines declined by 48 percent between 2001 and 2008, according to a new study by the Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth (CAMY) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Although 325 alcohol brands advertised in magazines in 2008, just 16 brands accounted for half of the advertising placed in publications more likely to be seen per capita by youth than by adults. Leading the list were Patron Silver Tequila, Absolut Vodka, Kahlua Liqueurs, Ketel One Vodka, and Jim Beam Bourbon Whiskey.
People with treatment-resistant bipolar disorder experienced relief from symptoms of depression in as little as 40 minutes after an intravenous dose of the anesthetic medication ketamine in a preliminary study; while the patient group was small, this work adds to evidence that compounds in the class to which ketamine belongs have potential as rapid and effective medications for depression, including bipolar depression. The potential for side-effects makes ketamine an impractical drug for standard use, but it provides a way to test this approach for developing novel treatments that act more rapidly than existing ones.
What makes something funny? Philosophers have been tossing that question around since Plato. Now two psychological scientists think they’ve come up with the formula: humor comes from a violation or threat to the way the world ought to be that is, at the same time, benign. The research is published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.