Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can stay with us for life. New research published in BioMed Central’s open access journal Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy explains how these events can be tied up with adult smoking patterns, especially for women, and suggests that treatment and strategies to stop smoking need to take into account the psychological effects of childhood trauma.
A study of university students is the first evidence to refute the supposed link between depression and the amount of time spent on Facebook and other social-media sites. The University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health study suggests that it may be unnecessarily alarming to advise patients and parents on the risk of “Facebook Depression” based solely on the amount of Internet use.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is among the most common, distressing, and disabling medical consequences of combat or other extremely stressful life events. The first-line treatment for PTSD is exposure therapy, a type of behavioral therapy where patients confront their fears in a safe environment. Although it is an effective treatment, many patients still experience symptoms after treatment and there is a relatively high drop-out rate.
A condition that temporarily causes heart failure in people who experience severe stress might actually protect the heart from very high levels of adrenaline, according to a new study published in the journal Circulation. The research provides the first physiological explanation for Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also called “broken heart syndrome” because it affects people who suffer severe emotional stress after bereavement, and suggests guidance for treatment.
A new study that is published in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics examines the role of a specific form of psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), for patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia and co-morbid depression. Controversy surrounds the questions whether co-occurring depression has negative effects on CBT outcomes in patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia and whether treatment for panic disorder and agoraphobia also reduces co-morbid depressive symptomatology.
Researcher Sara Thomée[/caption]Young adults who make particularly heavy use of mobile phones and computers run a greater risk of sleep disturbances, stress, and symptoms of mental health. Included in this report is a link to download a full text version of the original study.
University of College Cork (UCC) scientists have shown that brain levels of serotonin, the ‘happy hormone,’ are regulated by the amount of bacteria in the gut during early life. Their research is being published today in the leading international psychiatry journal, Molecular Psychiatry.
Older people who have limited social resources are more likely to suffer from mental illness. Researcher Anna Forsman at the Nordic School of Public Health NHV examined how mental health can be promoted and mental health problems be prevented among older adults by using psychosocial initiatives. Forsman believed that this group at risk for mental illness should have access to initiatives that empower social networking and a maintained rich social life.